Negative impact of internet on middle school students
First, the status quo of the use of the Internet by middle school students The 21st century is an era of highly developed information and communications. The Internet has brought unprecedented profound changes to the entire society.
The entire state of existence of human society will undergo a fundamental change from work, study to entertainment, economics, politics, and culture.
In China, the Internet is developing very quickly.
In 1999, the number of netizens was 4 million. By 2000, this number had reached 22.5 million. By the end of 2003, the number of netizens had reached 59.1 million a year, second only to the United States, ranking second in the world.
Initially, the proportion of middle school students accessing the Internet in developing countries has remained high. According to a survey by the China Internet Network Information Center, by the end of 2002, the number of middle school students accessing the Internet there was 17.
However, due to the one-sidedness of the survey, this data does not fully represent the actual situation of some middle school students surfing the Internet. According to the author’s surveys in Guiding No.1 Middle School of Guiding County and some Internet cafes in Guiyang, this data is far better than the Internet in ChinaThe information center is high.
The author’s oral survey in Guiding Ding County No. 1 Middle School showed that among the 231 first-year senior high school students, 55 have never been online, accounting for 23 of the total.
8%; 42 people often go online, accounting for 18.
6%; 134 people occasionally go online, accounting for 57.
This shows that most middle school students are already accessing the Internet. In order to learn more about the Internet access of middle school students, the author visited some Internet cafes in Guiyang. In an Internet cafe with a business area of about 100 square meters, there are about 60 computers on the Internet.Of the more than 50 people, 25 are middle school students, accounting for more than 40% of the total population. Of the 25 middle school students who are online, 15 are playing online games, and all of them are boys. Upon inquiry, their online time isMore than 3 hours, and often absent from school due to Internet access.
Eight of the remaining 10 are chatting and 2 are browsing the web.
This can be polished, the use of the Internet by most middle school students has nothing to do with learning, and even greatly affects learning.
It can be seen that there is a very large error area in the use of the Internet by middle school students, and because of many incorrect use, the Internet has a very negative impact on the learning and life of middle school students, and many patients with “Internet mental disorders” have been caused byThe uncontrollable information on the Internet has put many middle school students on the road to crime.
This article is only from the perspective of education, on the basis of understanding the common “internet psychological disorder” of middle school students, the psychological cause of “internet psychological disorder” and how to reasonably guide middle school students to go online to comprehensively promote the development of middle school students’ mental health,It also makes the Internet a good teacher and friend for the psychological development and learning life of middle school students, and the real achievements serve the middle school students.
Second, the common “psychological disorders” of middle school students include psychological disorders in the broad sense and psychological disorders in the narrow sense. The generalized mental disorder refers to mental abnormality.
Narrow psychological disorder refers to a type of various manifestations of psychological abnormalities, also known as psychological disorders.
The mental disorder referred to in this article is a narrow one.
The network creates a virtual space.
This space is rich and exciting, during which you can experience a kind of “virtual reality” that is extremely realistic and realistically synthesized by the computer and the Internet.
In the virtual reality, you can travel in interstellar space, or sneak in the abyss of the sea. You can be a wicked hero, or you can be a great hero.
In addition, the interconnection of networks has also created a virtual society.
In the interaction of the Internet society, you can try to play various roles at will: you can pretend to be mature and experienced, or be an innocent child; you can be a brave man, or you can be tenderMan’s little sister.
The Internet fulfills the dreams that people cannot reach in real social life and provides people with the opportunity to change roles. However, we must be vigilant that this virtual world can easily cause psychological impairment in the weak-willed.
Due to the immaturity and weak will of middle school students, they are easily seduced by the internet and cause “network mental disorder”.
“Internet psychological disorder” refers to patients who are addicted to the Internet, spend a lot of time and energy on uninterrupted chatting, playing online games and other activities on the Internet. Boots are obsessed with the Internet. Leaving the Internet will have various consequences, leading to damage to health, Cause personality disorders and nervous system disorders.
Typical manifestations are: anorexia, insomnia, apathy, low mood, sluggish thinking, apathy, loneliness, and loss of interest.
Serious people even have suicidal thoughts and suicidal behaviors.
The common psychological disorders of middle school students are lonely depression, game addiction, porn addiction, and online dating.
Loneliness and depression: Interpersonal communication on the Internet is realized through human-computer dialogue. It has a lot of rich content with non-verbal symbols such as eyes, smiles, gestures, intonation, etc., and there is a lack of deep emotional communication.Defects.
For example: on the Internet, people cannot experience the joy brought by direct emotional communication in reality; human personality development and emotional needs, especially their intrinsic affinity motives, cannot be fully met.
Therefore, after long-term communication on the Internet, some people gradually lose their sensibility and tension about real life, and loneliness and apathy take advantage of them, fearing to interact with people around them.
This loneliness makes middle school students more attached to the Internet. Once they leave, they are at a loss and irritable. The entire person is in a computerized and networked state, which is prone to interpersonal emotions, social adaptability, and other phenomena.The lonely world even caused serious consequences.
Game addiction: The so-called addiction refers to an individual’s uncontrollable desire to engage in certain activities repeatedly, although at this time it will cause some bad consequences for itself or has caused itself, but it is still uncontrollable.
Game addiction is a long-term fascination with computer games, and gradually feels less focused in class, which leads to a decline in grades.Due to long-term indulgence in the game room, the rhythm of life is chaotic and vision is reduced.
Once the computer game activity is stopped, it is difficult to engage in other common things, such as low mood, slow thinking, memory loss, loss of appetite, and an unsolvable urge to play a game machine, which results in mental dependence and corresponding physiological reactions.
After resuming the operation of the computer game, the mental state returned to normal.
These behavioral characteristics have many similarities with drug addiction behaviors and are a kind of psychopathological behavior.
Therefore, it is called “electronic heroin”.
Previously, people generally thought that games could be puzzled, but recently Japanese scientists discovered that computer games stimulate only the part of the brain that is involved in vision and movement.
Can’t get the effect of real puzzle.
Porn addiction: Today’s Internet has become the largest supply channel of porn. Some porn sites often use very easy names to increase the number of visitors.
Middle school students are in adolescence, sexual physiology is developing rapidly, and sexual psychology is still in the development stage. They are full of curiosity about sexual knowledge, and the inadequate publicity methods on the Internet often enable them to obtain some unhealthy sexual knowledge and produce sex.Impulsive, due to the taboos of parents and the lack of sex education in school, the sexual knowledge education of middle school students can’t keep up with their developmental needs. In this way, the rich pornographic resources on the Internet take advantage of it, and many middle school students are obsessed with it and want to pull out.No.
As a result, some unhealthy sexual psychology and behaviors appear, which harm physical health and cause crimes, and bring about unpredictable consequences.
Online Dating: Middle school students are being restricted by society and families because of their early love in real life, but they are looking for love objects on the Internet. However, online dating is very illusory. They will be deceived if they are not careful.At the physical stage, if too much contact with the Internet, in addition to affecting learning, it is easy to form an introverted, lonely personality, impatient, impulsive, and have high hopes for online romance.
If the impact of bilateral online dating is affected, it will inevitably affect their emotions, and bring these emotions into their usual study and life, causing an indelible shadow to the mind.
Third, the psychological cause of “Internet psychological disorder” The occurrence of “Internet psychological disorder” is inseparable from the special psychological development stage of middle school students.
Various contradictory phenomena have appeared in the development of individual psychology for middle school students, such as: the contradiction between independence and contradiction, the contradiction between lock-up and friendship intentions, the contradiction between curiosity and awareness level, the contradiction between sexual impulse and self-control, requiring understanding and difficulty for othersConflicts between ideals and reality, etc.
The Internet is a virtual and “clone” of the real society. If the above-mentioned psychology of middle school students is not properly guided and released in the real society, plus the influence of the individual’s unique personality and psychological characteristics, it may make the middle school students virtual in the network.There is no way to relieve these contradictions in society.
1.Indeed, the psychological causes of “Internet psychological disorders” are mainly manifested in the following aspects:
The role of communicative psychology under the influence of occlusion and the intention of making friends.
Middle school students are the period when individual communication is the most intense. Communication is also a necessary condition for the socialization and mental health development of middle school students. Due to psychological immaturity, lack of communication experience and communication skills, middle school students often encounter a series of psychological problems during the communication process.
The main manifestations are autism and defensive psychology, inferiority complex, fear of communication, self-centeredness, etc., which leads to the failure of communication in reality and the need for communication is not met.
And all the conditions and characteristics of interpersonal communication happened on the Internet, and because the contacts and exchanges were mainly carried out through email, online chat and online paging, the two sides of the communication avoided the pressure that must be face to face in the actual communication., And can conceal the true identity, age and even gender from the other party, and use a “virtual” “I” to communicate with the other party, so that this part of the middle school students feel that this way of communication is more casual, no pressure, not only avoidedIn reality, the tension and discomfort of communication have met the needs of communication, so I gradually enjoyed it.
The role of sexual curiosity under the contradiction of sexual impulse and self-control.
Middle school students are in the stage of sexual consciousness from germination to maturity, and are often invaded by sexual consciousness and sexual impulses.
In themselves, due to their naive psychology, weak willpower, and poor ability to resist bad information consciously; coupled with the current channels of knowledge and sexual education being blocked, they will have a deep psychological curiosity.
The Internet is full of pornographic and violent content.
According to relevant investigations, 47% of entertainment-related content on the Internet is related to pornographic content, and unlike other media-related content, certain content on the Internet is almost unlimited for any object.
This means that some middle school students are contacted intentionally or unintentionally and cannot extricate themselves, and they become patients with psychological disorders of internet pornography.
Obviously, this is not detrimental to the psychological development of middle school students in this part, but may also become an indirect cause of motivation and criminal behavior for inducing sexual crimes.
The role of the “information possession” psychology and the exploration psychology under the contradiction between the curiosity and the level of knowledge.
Middle school students have a strong thirst for knowledge, and their need for acquisition and possession is strong.
The information on the Internet is rich, intuitive, rich and diverse, and easy to understand and accept.
All this will attract middle school students who are thirsty for knowledge and make them “natural netizens.”
However, if the essence of this large amount of information cannot be distinguished, and it is easy to enter the wrong zone without accepting and occupying the area. There are two main types of “internet psychological disorders” under this mentality: one is from the dailyCollect a large amount of software that is uncertain and important, or download and learn to use appropriate software that is actually not urgently needed, try to buy goods and services from the Internet, and participate in Internet-related activities.Compulsive symptoms.
The other type has a strong desire to inquire about network technology and security, and demonstrates its ability to destroy websites and illegally enter confidential websites, thereby gaining a sense of accomplishment and becoming a network “hacker.”
This type of “Internet psychological disorder” can also lead to cyber crime.
The role of fantasy and playful psychology under the influence of ideals and reality.Middle school students who are adolescents have good fantasies, but they are apt to break away from reality and cannot see the distance between reality and fantasies, so they can’t extricate themselves from fantasy.
Computer games provide a good channel for them to perform this mentality.
Some middle school students indulge in computer games because individuals always have a “self-righteous effect” in the process of playing games. It can also be said that the “self-realization” mentality is at work.